Healthcare Economics Questions In Tutorial Library

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TITLE: Healthcare Economics Questions

CLASS / COURSE: Healthcare

QUESTION DESCRIPTION:

 
1. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Consider the information concerning the costs and QALYs for various treatments for heart disease that is presented in the table below. 
Treatment Cost per Treatment QALYs Gained
A 0 0
B 50 100 2
C 37.5 300 8
D 50 400 8
E 50 600 12
F53.34 800 15
 
Which treatment alternatives is (are) dominated?
 
 
 
 a. B
 
 b. B & C
 
 c. C
 
 d. D
 
 e. B & E
 
 
 
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2. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Refer to the table in question 1. Which treatment alternatives is (are) not economically rational (NER)?
 
 
 
 a. B
 
 b. B & E
 
 c. C
 
 d. C & F
 
 e. E
 
 
 
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3. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Refer to the table in question 1. The ICER between treatment A and treatment B is:
 
 
 
 a. 50
 
 b. 33.3
 
 c. 37.5
 
 d. 20
 
 e. None of the above
 
 
 
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4. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Refer to the table below. Which of the costs of congestive heart failure are direct?
  Costs of Congestive Heart Failure
A Transportation (ambulance or personal auto)
B Sick leave
C Informal care performed by spouse
D Visit to private practitioner
E Inpatient hospital stay
F Nursing home stay
G Reduced productivity at work
H Pain and suffering
I Home health care services
J Diagnostic test
K Surgical intervention
L Grief and anxiety
 
 
 
 
 a. A, C, D, E, F, J, K
 
 b. B, E, F, I, K, L
 
 c. A, D, E, F, I, J, K
 
 d. A, D, E, F, G, H, I
 
 e. D, E, F, G, H, I, J
 
 
 
  Save Answer   The answer C may also be right but Option A is most possible.
 
 
5. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Refer to the table in question 4. Which of the costs are indirect?
 
 
 
 a. A, C, D, E, F
 
 b. B, C, G
 
 c. B, C, G, H, L
 
 d. H, L
 
 e. A, B, C, G
 
 
 
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6. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Refer to the table in question 4. Which of the costs are intangible?
 
 
 
 a. A, C, D, E, F
 
 b. B, C, G
 
 c. B, C, G, H, L
 
 d. H, L
 
 e. A, B, C, G
 
 
 
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7. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  The direct costs in an economic evaluation include all the following except
 
 
 
 a. Hospitalization
 
 b. Medical devices
 
 c. Transportation to and from the physician's office
 
 d. Reduced productivity at work
 
 e. All of the above
 
 
 
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8. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  The intangible costs associated with reduced quality of life include
 
 
 
 a. Pain and suffering
 
 b. Lost productivity at work
 
 c. The cost of home remodeling to accommodate a physical handicaps
 
 d. Potential income lost due to premature death
 
 e. All of the above are intangible costs
 
 
 
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9. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Cost effectiveness analysis
 
 
 
 
 a. Quantifies both costs and benefits of treatments for a condition in terms of dollars.
 
 b. Compares the costs of different treatment options given a standard outcome. 
 
 c. Compares the costs of various treatments for a condition and assesses which treatment has the lowest costs, but does not look at the outcomes or benefits of those treatments.
 
 d. Looks at the costs of a healthcare service or services for a given healthcare problem, but does not compare the costs or assess the outcomes of the treatments.
 
 e. Examines the costs of a condition but doesn't compare costs of various treatments of the condition.
 
 f. Creates a comprehensive listing of all the benefits of different treatments for a condition but does not quantify the benefits and lets decision-makers determine the important benefits.
 
 
 
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10. 
(Points: 2.5)   
  Researchers use cost-of-illness studies to
 
 
 
 a. Study the burden of a disease
 
 b. Compare the effectiveness of two or more treatment options.
 
 c. Identify which treatment has the greatest benefits given costs.
 
 d. All of the above.
 
 e. A & B only.
 
 
 
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11. 
(Points: 10)   
  Cost-benefit analysis:
 
 
 
 
 a. Quantifies both costs and benefits of treatments for a condition in terms of dollars.
 
 b. Compares the costs of different treatment options given a standard outcome.
 
 c. Compares the costs of various treatments for a condition and assesses which treatment has the lowest costs, but does not look at the outcomes or benefits of those treatments.
 
 d. Looks at the costs of a healthcare service or services for a given healthcare problem, but does not compare the costs or assess the outcomes of the treatments.
 
 e. Examines the costs of a condition but doesn't compare costs of various treatments of the condition.
 
 f. Creates a comprehensive listing of all the benefits of different treatments for a condition but does not quantify the benefits and lets decision-makers determine the important benefits.
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
12. 
(Points: 10)   
  Cost-of-illness analysis:
 
 
 
 
 
 a. Quantifies both costs and benefits of treatments for a condition in terms of dollars. 
 
 b. Compares the costs of different treatment options given a standard outcome. 
 
 c. Compares the costs of various treatments for a condition and assesses which treatment has the lowest costs, but does not look at the outcomes or benefits of those treatments.
 
 d. Looks at the costs of a healthcare service or services for a given healthcare problem, but does not compare the costs or assess the outcomes of the treatments.
 
 e. Examines the costs of a condition but doesn't compare costs of various treatments of the condition.
 
 f. Creates a comprehensive listing of all the benefits of different treatments for a condition but does not quantify the benefits and lets decision-makers determine the important benefits.
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
13. 
(Points: 10)   
  Cost-consequence analysis:
 
 
 
 
 a. Quantifies both costs and benefits of treatments for a condition in terms of dollars.
 
 b. Compares the costs of different treatment options given a standard outcome. 
 
 c. Compares the costs of various treatments for a condition and assesses which treatment has the lowest costs, but does not look at the outcomes or benefits of those treatments.
 
 d. Looks at the costs of a healthcare service or services for a given healthcare problem, but does not compare the costs or assess the outcomes of the treatments.
 
 e. Examines the costs of a condition but doesn't compare costs of various treatments of the condition.
 
 f. Creates a comprehensive listing of all the benefits of different treatments for a condition but does not quantify the benefits and lets decision-makers determine the important benefits.
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
14. 
(Points: 10)   
  Cost-identification analysis
 
 
 
 
 a. Quantifies both costs and benefits of treatments for a condition in terms of dollars. 
 
 b. Compares the costs of different treatment options given a standard outcome.
 
 c. Compares the costs of various treatments for a condition and assesses which treatment has the lowest costs, but does not look at the outcomes or benefits of those treatments.
 
 d. Looks at the costs of a healthcare service or services for a given healthcare problem, but does not compare the costs or assess the outcomes of the treatments.
 
 e. Examines the costs of a condition but doesn't compare costs of various treatments of the condition.
 
 f. Creates a comprehensive listing of all the benefits of different treatments for a condition but does not quantify the benefits and lets decision-makers determine the important benefits.
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
15. 
(Points: 10)   
  Cost-minimization analysis
 
 
 
 
 a. Quantifies both costs and benefits of treatments for a condition in terms of dollars.
 
 b. Compares the costs of different treatment options given a standard outcome.
 
 c. Compares the costs of various treatments for a condition and assesses which treatment has the lowest costs, but does not look at the outcomes or benefits of those treatments.
 
 d. Looks at the costs of a healthcare service or services for a given healthcare problem, but does not compare the costs or assess the outcomes of the treatments.
 
 e. Examines the costs of a condition but doesn't compare costs of various treatments of the condition.
 
 f. Creates a comprehensive listing of all the benefits of different treatments for a condition but does not quantify the benefits and lets decision-makers determine the important benefits.
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
16. 
(Points: 10)   
  An evaluation that estimates the national medical spending attributable to obesity is an example of
 
 
 
 
 a. A cost-of-illness evaluation. 
 
 b. A cost-identification evaluation. 
 
 c. A cost-minimization evaluation. 
 
 d. A cost-effectiveness evaluation.
 
 e. A cost-benefit evaluation.
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
17. 
(Points: 10)   
  An evaluation that examines the costs and quality-adjusted life years of different treatments for cervical cancer is an example of
 
 
 
 
 a. A cost-of-illness evaluation. 
 
 b. A cost-identification evaluation 
 
 c. A cost-minimization evaluation. 
 
 d. A cost-effectiveness evaluation. 
 
 e. A cost-benefit evaluation. 
 
 
 
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18. 
(Points: 10)   
  An evaluation that determines the lowest-cost tests for diagnosing pancreatic cancer (irrespective of outcomes) is an example of
 
 
 
 
 a. A cost-of-illness evaluation. 
 
 b. A cost-identification evaluation 
 
 c. A cost-minimization evaluation. 
 
 d. A cost-effectiveness evaluation. 
 
 e. A cost-benefit evaluation. 
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
19. 
(Points: 10)   
  An evaluation that determines whether a substance abuse treatment program has more monetary benefits than costs is an example of
 
 
 
 
 a. A cost-of-illness evaluation.
 
 b. A cost-identification evaluation 
 
 c. A cost-minimization evaluation.
 
 d. A cost-effectiveness evaluation.
 
 e. A cost-benefit evaluation. 
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
20. 
(Points: 10)   
  An example of a surrogate measure of the effectiveness of a treatment is
 
 
 
 
 
 a. Disease-free days.
 
 b. Life years saved.
 
 c. Cholesterol level. 
 
 d. QALYs gained.
 
 e. Infections cured. 
 
 
 
  Save Answer  
 
 
 

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