CLASS / COURSE: Economics
Wk 3 Eco 222 Problems and Applications
1. Melissa buys an iPod for $120 and gets consumer surplus of $80.
a. What is her willingness to pay?
b. If she had bought the iPod on sale for $90, what would her consumer surplus have been?
c. If the price of an iPod were $250, what would her consumer surplus have been?
4. It is a hot day and Bert is thirsty. Here is the value he places on a bottle of water:
Value of first bottle $7
Value of second bottle $5
Value of third bottle $3
Value of fourth bottle $1
a. From this information, derive Bert’s demand schedule. Graph his demand curve for bottled water.
b. If the price of a bottle of water is $4, how many bottles does Bert buy? How much consumer surplus does Bert get from his purchases? Show Bert’s consumer surplus in your graph.
c. If the price falls to $2, how does quantity demanded change? How does Bert’s consumer surplus change? Show these changes in your graph.
2. Evaluate the following two statements. Do you agree? Why or why not?
a. “A tax that has no deadweight loss cannot raise any revenue for the government.”
b. “A tax that raises no revenue for the government cannot have any deadweight loss.”
6. After economics class one day, your friend suggests that taxing food would be a good way to raise revenue because the demand for food is quite inelastic. In what sense is taxing food a “good” way to raise revenue? In what sense is it not a “good” way to raise revenue?
5. Imagine that winemakers in the state of Washington petitioned the state government to tax wines imported from California. They argue that this tax would both raise tax revenue for the state government and raise employment in the Washington State wine industry. Do you agree with these claims? Is it a good policy?
6. Consider the arguments for restricting trade.
a. Assume you are a lobbyist for timber, and established industry suffering from low priced foreign competition. Which two or three of the five arguments do you think would be most persuasive to the average member of Congress as to why he or she should support trade restrictions? Explain your reasoning.
b. Now assume you are an astute student of economics (hopefully not a hard assumption). Although all the arguments for restricting trade have their shortcomings, name the two or three arguments that seem to make the most economic sense to you. For each, describe the economic rationale for and against these arguments for trade restrictions.
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SUBJECTS / CATEGORIES:
1. Business Economics